It's not always clear to askers why their questions get downvoted. The Stack Exchange system lists the criteria as clear, useful, and showing research effort. What does that mean in practice?
To askers, their questions are useful (to them), clear (to them), and they generally feel that they've done as much research as can be expected. Unfortunately, a downvote doesn't tell them where they've departed from this. A comment can clarify this, particularly if the problem is that the question is unclear.
Ideally though, people should know what makes a question good before asking it. Ideally, we'd only have good questions on the site.
If you downvote a question and a comment isn't long enough to explain why, feel free to post here as to why a question was bad and how it could have been better.
What makes for a good question? Or what makes for a bad question?