I would find that question to be always off-topic, as there's no economic question at hand. Yes, the federal reserve system relates to central banking which has macroeconomic implications, but the question itself does not have any relation to macroeconomics. It's really a banking question.
Another way to look at this is that I don't think it makes any economic difference whether the federal reserve system has twelve separate ledgers or one overall ledger. Unless you can link it back to economic theory, it should be off-topic here.
All that said, I think that there are certainly implementation questions that matter. They involve the practical application of economic theory to the real world. Asking how to apply pricing theory to a real world product seems perfectly on-topic to me. I'm saying that your federal reserve situation is so far from the theory though as to not be of practical use on this site. Why does an economist or someone interested in economics need to know this?
Another way of looking at it is that the expert who would know the answer to this question would likely not be an economist, but a banker. Since we aren't trying to attract bankers unless they are economists, our experts would not be able to answer this question. Your real hope for an answer is that a comparatively amateur economist also happens to be a banker who knows this detail of how the federal reserve works. This makes that person a non-expert here while acknowledging that that person probably is an expert banker.
To look at your other examples, I would consider quantitative easing structure to be off-topic unless you were arguing that one structure was economically preferable over another. You might get more traction for this kind of question on Politics.SE.
Similarly, I would consider details of how X-12-ARIMA works to be off-topic unless you were arguing economic impact or the statistic is economic in nature. If your question is how you can find X-12-ARIMA now that it has been replaced with X-13ARIMA-SEATS, then that's off-topic.
Questions about how economic indicators are calculated should almost always be on-topic. These give people a chance to explain how the theory says that they should be calculated, to talk about how the practice differs, and why it matters (or doesn't).
In my opinion, questions that deal with the application of economic theory to the real world should be on-topic (but might be too broad or overly opinion-based). That's not a license to make anything that is tenuously related to economics a question though. Questions should link to the theory directly.